How to Raise Money to Pay for Your International Relations Degree

 

 

Today we live in a highly interconnected, globalized world. Every facet of our lives is affected by the fact that we are part of an international community, and not just individual nations with no common link or cause. While on the international stage there may still be violent disagreements between different countries, cultures, and political ideals, there is now far more that unites us than divides us. We are all embroiled in the same struggle with our fellow humans, a struggle for freedom, peace, and prosperity.

However, it is not always easy to make sense of the subtle and delicate interplay between all the different cultures and forces that exist on the Earth. As much as we would all like to get along effortlessly and to join forces in trying to make the world the best place that it possibly can be for us all to live in, the world is just more complicated than that.

Online degrees are a wonderful development in the field of education, they allow for anyone to study from home, to better themselves, and expand their options for the future. Studying an international relations masters degree online opens the door for anyone to learn about international relations. While online degrees are much cheaper than their campus counterparts they aren’t free, and for many people the expenditure is still significant.

In this article we take a look at some simple things that you can do to earn money towards studying an international affairs masters.

Get a Job!

Ok so this one might seem too obvious to be worth mentioning, but the reason that many people don’t choose to find a job as a way of earning money for their degree is because they assume they will have to quit once they start studying. You can choose to find a position that only requires a few months of work and then leave to pursue your studies, or, owing to the flexibility of online degrees, you can continue to work while you study. Most universities, such as Norwich University, allow students to study either part time or full time. Part time studying is perfect for those who want to work while they study.

Sell Old Stuff

We all have clutter lying around out homes, stuff that we have amassed over the years but no longer have a use for. This stuff can be a potential goldmine, one that many of us don’t even realize that we are sitting on. Even the stuff that seems to be of little value to you could be worth something to someone else, it is always worth listing your unwanted items online. You can now even sell stuff through Facebook.

Work Odd Jobs

Sites like Craigslist or Fiver allow anyone to post an ad offering their services for odd jobs. They are a great way of earning a little extra cash. Obviously you aren’t going to make any life changing amounts, but as a way of earning some extra cash to put towards your studies they are very effective.

If you’re getting ready to study your international relations degree then you will want to put a bit of money together beforehand, not only for your studies but to ensure that you can afford to have a bit of fun at the same time.

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How To Become A Successful Entrepreneur

If it’s your goal to be an entrepreneur, then it’s important to know what it takes to excel in the role. Don’t let anyone tell you that you’re not cut out for the job. If it’s what you want to do, then set it as a goal and work toward achieving results.

Unfortunately, it’s not going to happen overnight. You have to be willing to put in long hours and be determined to keep going no matter what. Believing in yourself and your abilities is half the battle. To help you in your entrepreneurship endeavors and increase your confidence, here’s how to become a successful entrepreneur.

Always be Networking

Always be networking and building relationships wherever you go. A lot of the time, business is about who you know and people having your back throughout the process, supporting your decisions and offering useful insight and advice. You want to get to know people who are equally invested in being a successful entrepreneur and who you can exchange ideas with to help each other succeed. You never know who will turn into a client or help you gain a big break for your company.

Educate yourself on Various Topics

Don’t limit yourself to what you know. Expand your horizons and understand what it means to run a business as a whole. Invest time in subject matters like finance, operations and IT. If the cloud interests you, take the time to investigate more about it and how a trusted CASB can help you keep your business and its data secure when using cloud services. While you may not be in charge of these tasks once you build your team, you do want to have an understanding of these areas and know what’s going on within your company at all times.

Work Hard

Working hard seems obvious, but a lot of people don’t make it because they choose not to put in enough time and energy to build a fully-fledged business. You need passion and enthusiasm behind your project. There’s no room for complainers or whiners when it comes to being a thriving entrepreneur. Challenge yourself and don’t let fear get the best of you. Keep your focus by taking care of yourself and setting goals that align with your business plan. Roll up your sleeves and dive in with a positive attitude and keep your head down. Once you’ve got your business printing the distance, you can consider adapting your work ethic.

Take Risks & Trust yourself

Get comfortable taking risks and not always being able to predict the future. Do the work, make the calculations and then trust that you’re making the right move. You won’t grow and learn if you don’t stretch yourself and try new options. No one ever made it big by staying where they were or doing what they’ve always done. Learn to listen to your gut and make decisions quickly and efficiently to keep the business heading in the right direction.

Conclusion:

Don’t let anyone ever tell you that you don’t have the talent to be a business owner. Use these guidelines to understand what you need to do and then give it your all. This is how to become a successful entrepreneur.

 

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Bitcoin The Hottest Topic in World Currency

 

Bitcoin surged to a fresh all-time high on Thursday hitting $5,231, eclipsing the previous record of $5,014 hit in early September. The cryptocurrency is now up more than 420% for the year.  So far, investors and customers have shrugged off negative commentary about cryptocurrencies, despite being unable to break into the U.S. markets.

In September, Chinese authorities banned exchanges that deal in crypto currencies. They also banned initial coin offers which are the way most digital currencies raise capital. This has further perpetuated the rally, since there is a limited supply on the amount of a crypto currency that can be mined. With supply contained by regulators and demand increasing, the price of bitcoin is getting forced higher.

There have been reports floating during the past week that China might allow cryptocurrency exchange as well as ICOs. Sources cite Chinese regulators saying that bitcoin trading will likely resume with more regulation. This could include new licensing and anti-money laundering regulations.

SEC Does Not Give Its Blessing to Bitcoin

To date, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), which is the main U.S. securities regulator, has not given its blessing to crypto currencies. Without consent from the SEC mainstream trading is not possible. Their unwillingness to consider bitcoin has frustrated exchange applicants who are now withdrawing their applications. This will likely be a long process, and need consent from congress as a new currency that is potentially subject to manipulation, would undermine the U.S. dollar. Bitcoin is a treat to the greenback globally, which will make it difficult for the digital currency to gain widespread acceptance in the United States.

Swedish Officials Pay Debt in Bitcoin

Swedish regulators with the Swedish Enforcement Authority has paid a debt with bitcoin. This is the first time the enforcement agency in any country has accepted bitcoin as a currency that is paid directly to a government.

Swedish authorities see bitcoin as an asset that can be used to make payment and its increasing acceptance will provide an alternative method for payments of debt. While the Swedish authorities are used to handling these issues through the banking world, they also take payments which need to be converted into cash.  By taking bitcoin, they greatly enhanced their ability to retrieve debts. In this regard, it seems the Swedish Enforcement Authority will likely continue accepting bitcoin for debts citizens wish to settle.

 

Bitcoin prices have broken out to fresh all-time highs pushing through the highs made in September, and poised to test higher levels.  Support on Bitcoin is seen near the 10-day moving average at 4,576.  Volume on the breakout is average, which does not add to the accelerating in prices.  Bitcoin prices are experiencing accelerating positive momentum as reflected by the relative strength index (RSI). The index is a momentum oscillator that also measures overbought and oversold levels. The currency reading on the RSI is 75, which is above the overbought trigger level of 70, which could foreshadow a correction. Reading below 30 on the RSI are considered oversold.

 

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5 Obvious Mistakes That You Must Avoid to Make SEO Efforts Effective

 

 

 

The New Digital Age of Marketing

In today’s digital age, every business strives to gain competitive advantage through digital marketing. SEO is an instrumental factor in expanding the digital marketing landscape. It aims at increasing the visibility of a website on a search engine.

However, the expansion of digital marketing also has certain drawbacks. The search marketers need to identify certain essential points to remember before conducting SEOs. The significant areas of focus for are the constant algorithm updates posted by search engines. For instance, Google has various algorithms for compliance, like Panda, Penguin, Hummingbird, etc. explained later in points below. Apart from algorithms, there also has been an entry of many fake websites in digital marketing providing misinformation which need to be checked. Following are five obvious SEO mistakes that you can avoid in your digital marketing blogs:-

1) Avoid stuffing of keywords

We all know that keyword management is the core of SEO process. Achieving Keyword optimisation is every search marketer’s dream. For that, there are many different technological solutions based on machine learning. These solutions also improve the ranking of a website on the search engine’s search results. However, many times in a quest to achieve a higher rank in search results, search marketers overuse certain keywords. They repeatedly use the keywords thinking that maximum search traffic can be attracted to their websites.

 

But you should strictly avoid this, as certain search engines have officially forbidden keyword stuffing through their algorithm updates. For instance, the “Hummingbird” algorithm update of Google on 22nd Aug 2013 strictly forbids the overuse of keywords. Thus, this is one miniscule SEO mistake you can avoid on your blogs.

2) Prevent irrelevant, spam links and broken links on your SEO website

At times, SEO websites itself have many spam links or irrelevant links which distract the customers. This might discourage a lot of search traffic for your website and will also affect your search result rankings. Also, search engine algorithms will impose some penalty on your website if the links are spam or irrelevant. For instance, the “Penguin” algorithm update by Google on 24th April 2014 forbids spam and irrelevant links on an SEO website. As a result, instead of positive digital marketing, it might lead to negative impact on the image of your site.

To avoid this, you can use backlink checker tools which continuously conduct a comparative check of your website’s links with the search engine’s algorithm updates to ensure that there’s no violation.

Broken links are incomplete links which lead your customers nowhere and negatively affect your website. You can easily prevent broken links on your site by simple careful monitoring

3) Avoid Plagiarism and Duplication in your website’s content

Among the significant problems in Digital Marketing are plagiarism and duplication of content. There has been a considerable amount of copying and duplication of content by fraudulent websites from the original content of authentic sites. Copy pasting or plagiarism discourages the digital marketing industry. While duplication can also be unintentional, but it still affects the websites. There have been algorithm updates of certain search engines over this issue.

For instance, on 24th Feb 2011 Google introduced “Panda” update to check plagiarism and duplication. So if you conduct digital marketing on Google, make sure you avoid plagiarism and duplication. You can approach the services offered by Joel House Search Media Brisbane. They will make sure to provide you with the best possible services at the minimum possible prices.

4) Avoid thin content and advertise-oriented content

 Most of the times SEO websites, to make quick and easy money, resort to posting heavily ad-centric content which lacks appropriate quality. As a result, such thin content does not help the online customers at all. This, in turn, will divert all the search traffic from your website. Recently Google introduced an algorithm update named “Fred”, on 8th March 2017 which strictly forbids heavy advertise and low quality in SEO content. Thus, you must ensure that your website provides quality and relevant content with minimum ad-traffic.

5) Improve your website’s Mobile usability & create a mobile version of your site

Many businesses which indulge in digital marketing only have a desktop site. And as you know that today most of the customers conduct their online searches on their mobile phones, they may be discouraged from visiting a desktop-only site. In fact, Google also had introduced an algorithm update named “Mobile”, on 21st April 2015, making it mandatory for SEO websites to have a mobile version of their sites to improve their mobile usability. So you must make sure that you create a mobile version of your website.

Conclusion

Digital marketing is a big ocean of marketing opportunities with the help of SEO. But certain points need to be taken care of such as search engine algorithm updates and misinformation. The algorithm updates like Penguin, Panda, Fred, etc. aim at checking content related factors like plagiarism, spam links, etc. So make sure that you comply with all these algorithms and avoid mistakes on your SEO blogs.

 

Author Bio: Christopher Jones is a serial entrepreneur, an angel investor and also a founder and former CEO of a digital marketing agency. He also has been an author of a best-selling book on SEO management. In this post, he has mentioned about the common problems that we can see in blogs as well as how it can be avoided for betterment. He has also mentioned about Joel House Search Media Brisbane services here.

 

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Do You Need Taxi Insurance

 

Looking for the short answer? Yes! If you drive a taxi for a living, standard car insurance policies do not cover your needs. They will not protect your customers, your car – or you – in the event of an accident or incident. You need specialist coverage like taxi insurance to ensure that your livelihood is safeguarded.

Public or Private Taxi?

 The specific type of taxi insurance cover you need depends on the type of taxi you drive. It may be private (i.e. booked in advance) or public (i.e. those that can be hailed by people on the street and do not require pre-booking). You must have public taxi insurance if you pick up customers without booking – even if you typically only do private hire.

                                       

                                    What Level of Protection Do You Need?

 

Just like regular motor insurance, taxi cover has three levels:

Comprehensive: This is the most… well, comprehensive cover you can purchase. It covers accidental damage to a third-party property, and typically also personal injury, windscreen damage, personal possessions and more. So, for example, if you cause an accident, this will pay for the damage to the other vehicle as well as your car and any third property damaged (e.g. a wall, a fence, etc.).

Third Party, Fire and Theft: This insurance protects you against damage you cause other drivers, as well as damage caused by fire or theft. What it does not cover is the damages to your car in an accident.

 Third Party Only: The most basic cover, this only pays for damage to vehicles you damage in an accident, as well as passengers in your car who may have been hurt. As a taxi driver, you should carry a much higher level of protection.

Comprehensive is best in terms of protecting your income,  choose from key add-ons:

 

Unlimited Mileage: Depending on how much you drive, this can be worth it so you do not exceed your cover.

Public Liability: This should be included in your taxi insurance policy; it covers you if a passenger has an injury or damage to property while in your vehicle. It also covers claims that may result from those incidents.

Personal Use Cover: If you use your taxi as a personal vehicle on off days, invest in this protection.

 Taxi Insurance Criteria

 Depending on your insurance company, you may have to meet some or all of the following criteria:

 

  • Held a taxi badge for at least 1 year.
  • Held a driving license for at least 3 years.
  • Lived in the UK for at least five years.
  • Work as a full-time taxi driver.
  • Are 25 years of age or older (though some policies specify 21).
  • Passed Driving Vehicle Standards Agency taxi driving test (if applicable).

 

 

If you drive a taxi for a living, ask your insurance company about specific cover. It is required by law, and it is a smart business move. Protect your passengers, your vehicle and yourself.

 

 

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Christmas around the world – Wall Street

 

Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,[8][9] observed most commonly on 25 December[4][10][11] as a religious and cultural celebration among billions of people around the world.[2][12][13]

feast central to the Christian liturgical year, it is preceded by the season of Advent or the Nativity Fast and initiates the season of Christmastide, which historically in the West lasts twelve days and culminates on Twelfth Night;[14] in some traditions, Christmastide includes an octave.[15]

The traditional Christmas narrative, the Nativity of Jesus, delineated in the New Testament says that Jesus was born in Bethlehem, in accordance with messianic prophecies;[16] when Joseph and Mary arrived in the city, the inn had no room and so they were offered a stable where the Christ Child was soon born, with angels proclaiming this news to shepherds who then further disseminated the information.[17]

Christmas Day is a public holiday in many of the world’s nations,[18][19][20] is celebrated religiously by a majority of Christians,[21] as well as culturally by many non-Christians,[1][22] and forms an integral part of the holiday season.

Although the month and date of Jesus’ birth are unknown, by the early-to-mid fourth century the Western Christian Church had placed Christmas on December 25,[23] a date that was later adopted in the East.[24][25] Today, most Christians celebrate on December 25 in the Gregorian calendar, which has been adopted almost universally in the civil calendars used in countries throughout the world.

 

However, some Eastern Christian Churches celebrate Christmas on December 25 of the older Julian calendar, which currently corresponds to January 7 in the Gregorian calendar, the day after the Western Christian Church celebrates the Epiphany. This is not a disagreement over the date of Christmas as such, but rather a preference of which calendar should be used to determine the day that is December 25. Moreover, for Christians, the belief that God came into the world in the form of man to atone for the sins of humanity, rather than the exact birth date, is considered to be the primary purpose in celebrating Christmas.[26][27][28][29]

The celebratory customs associated in various countries with Christmas have a mix of pre-Christian, Christian, and secular themes and origins.[30] Popular modern customs of the holiday include gift giving, completing an Advent calendar or Advent wreathChristmas music and caroling, lighting a Christingle, viewing a Nativity play, an exchange of Christmas cardschurch services, a special meal, and the display of various Christmas decorations, including Christmas treesChristmas lightsnativity scenesgarlandswreathsmistletoe, and holly.

In addition, several closely related and often interchangeable figures, known as Santa ClausFather ChristmasSaint Nicholas, and Christkind, are associated with bringing gifts to children during the Christmas season and have their own body of traditions and lore.[31] Because gift-giving and many other aspects of the Christmas festival involve heightened economic activity, the holiday has become a significant event and a key sales period for retailers and businesses. The economic impact of Christmas has grown steadily over the past few centuries in many regions of the world.  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christmas

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The Structure and Patterns of Horse Racing The Beginner’s Guide

 

 

 

Many people love to watch horse racing, and it is, of course, one of the ancient animal sporting events that still exists with the same enthusiasm. Whether you just love to watch horse races out of interest or being passionate about going place to watch racing, it is essential to understand the racing structure. Here, let’s explore the basic structure of this sport.

When you are down to it, there are four major categories of races to explore as:
  1. Maiden Races
  2. Claiming Races
  3. Allowance races
  4. Stakes races.

There are various other subsidiaries of these four classes too, but to serve the purpose of this article to provide some beginner information about horse racing patterns, let’s focus on these primary categories.

Maiden races are the favorite choice of many. It features a field of maiden horses which have never won a race previously. One among these is obviously going to taste its first victory in life, and then the maiden tag of that horse is broken. However, the horses never won need not be limited to only maiden races, but they can contest in other horse races too.

These races are also called the shopping races as all horses in the race may up for sale too. Anyone can claim the horse before the race.

If you have followed TVG Horse Racing, you should know that the prize money (usually called the purses in racing terminology) is higher than the other types of racing discussed before. The horses participating in it will be those that meet certain conditions of non-winning. There are specific codes to understand this. For example, NW3X is the code for those horses which haven’t won 3 races other than one maiden, starter, or claim.

Most of the racing fans are after this type of racing. The most popular races in this category are Belmont Stakes, Kentucky Derby, and Breeders’ Cup. All the top horses used to run in these races. The stakes are also high, in which the graded stakes races are the top options. Races are usually ranked as G1, G2, and G3, and G1 is the top grade. Stakes races do have feature horses participating from across the country and many times from other parts of the world too.

Apart from the types of the races, the horses are also categorized into various forms and knowing it will further enhance your knowledge and insight about races and help better understand the racing scenario, which we will discuss in the forthcoming articles.

Horse racing tourism is one of the most upcoming specialties in travel and tourism, which is explored by many. However, many people just want to watch races by being ignorant about the technical aspects of it and without knowledge about the rule of the games. However, it will be a fascinating affair if you know the rules of the races well and plan your trip accordingly if you want to explore the best races across the country or abroad.

 

Author Bio: Silvia Watson is a freelance content writer. She has written many good and informative articles on different categories such as technology, health, fashion, education, career, travel etc. She is a featured author at various authoritative blogs in the health and fitness industry and currently associated as a blogger with https://www.tvg.com/

 

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Is Bitcoin’s Slow Dominance of the Internet a Good Thing?

Back in 2008 when Bitcoin was first conceived and began making its entry into the world of currency, there was a great deal of speculation as to whether or not this digital currency could (or would!) take the power of finances away from central banks around the world that have always held the keys to wealth. Over the past 8 years Bitcoins have surged in value from their humble beginnings at a value of $0.01 per coin to over $1200 per coin in 2013 and then back down again to just about half that value where they are currently valued at. Even though this currency is highly speculative, there are those who question whether their slow dominance of the Internet is a good thing – or not. Here are some thoughts on the issue.

Difficult to Use without Being Valued against other Bitcoins

As a peer to peer currency that is really valued by supply and demand, it should also be realized that there are only so many Bitcoins that will ever be made. The supply is finite, which to some, gives them value because of the old ‘supply and demand’ rule of finance. When it comes to wagering on online games such as poker, it becomes difficult to use them as a currency because it is difficult to break them down into smaller units that can be used as a wager and also, hard for ultimate values to be assessed as the value is even more volatile than many of the leading currencies on the market. It is far easier to use a major currency against another major currency than it is a digital currency against a major currency. In short, they are not yet fully understood by the masses and computations are highly complex. Too complex for the average financial transaction online.

The #1 Concern – Digital Anything Is Open to Hackers

Then there is the concern that since Bitcoins are a digital currency, hackers can literally take over a person’s supply with no one being the wiser as they can also create bogus Bitcoins that may be passed as authentic. The current level of online security appears to be inadequate to keep up with the type of security needed for digital currency so the slow dominance of the internet in this regard is actually a good thing. The longer it takes for this particular currency to gain in popularity and use, the longer cyber security teams will have to find ways to secure sites that accept Bitcoin payment.

In the end, the faster anything at all gains dominance over a market, the quicker it can come tumbling down. When people like online gamers are wagering bets, the money they are playing with needs to have real value. There is nothing ‘tangible’ about an online game as there would be such things as ordering articles from an online merchant and with the hopes of winning, that money being wagered becomes all the more important. It’s just that – a wager, a bet. With nothing to say that other digital currencies won’t hit the market, lowering its value and no sure way to protect against hackers at this time, slow dominance is indeed a very good thing.

 

 

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5 Efficient Ways To Save Up Money To Travel

Travel Fund

People often find themselves questioning how best to quickly save up money to get out and travel the world and we don’t blame them! Saving money is hard enough, but add in a desperate want to explore the hidden gems of the world and a lack of money to get there and it can be frustrating! Luckily, saving up to travel doesn’t have to be difficult, nor does it need to be a long process. With the right frame of might, you can save up all the money you need and jet off in as little as couple of months – well, once you have completed your E111 renewal application, of course!  From having a dedicated travel fund, to resisting buying those clothes you want, but really don’t need, we’re here to explain efficient ways you can save up money to travel in more detail below.

Have A Dedicated Travel Fund

When you have a dedicated travel fund, you will save up money to travel much quicker than if you put the odd couple of pounds aside in your purse, and if you really want to travel, you won’t dip into your saved funds! It doesn’t matter whether you decide to open a savings account or simply start a money jar to get you started, when its staring at you, you’re far more likely to put the cash you need aside in order to travel.

Spend Less On Lunch

A great way to save up money to travel is by spending less on your lunch. These days, it’s far too easy to pick up a meal deal on your way into work, and whilst a £3.00 meal deal seems like a good deal for a sandwich with your favourite filling, packet of Walkers crisps and can of coke, the cost can add up quicker than you can eat it! Think of it this way, if you buy a £3.00 meal deal for every working day of the week, you are spending approximately £60.00 a month on your lunch alone, which could cover the cost of your flight depending on where you plan to travel to!  The moral of the story? Make your own packed lunch!

 

Two businesswomen having lunch

Stop Buying

Saving up money to travel can be as simple as to stop buying. Whilst you will (obviously) need to buy groceries, you can save a tonne of money by restraining yourself buying the latest gadgets or clothes. The next time you want to buy something, ask yourself: do you really need it? More often than not, the answer will be no. It takes a whole load of courage to put something you really want – but don’t need – down, but when you step on board that plane, you’ll be more than happy that you did!

Cancel Subscriptions & Memberships

It’s a given. Almost all of us are subscribed to websites, such as Netflix, and have gym memberships we try our utmost to avoid no matter what we promise ourselves in the New Year. In order to save up money to travel, get rid of any subscriptions you no longer need and any memberships you can simply do without, because, let’s face it, if you haven’t already used your gym membership card, it is highly unlikely that you will in the next few months!

Write A Shopping List, And Stick To It!

The next best way to save up money to travel is to write a list when you go shopping, and stick to it! It is far too easy to walk into your local supermarket and pick up the latest offers, snacks that tickle your fancy and food you simply don’t need to buy. In order to avoid impulse purchases, a grocery list is the perfect way to save money that you can put towards travel and it save time because you will know exactly what you will be having for dinner before you step through the sliding doors.

There a countless ways you can efficiently save money to travel, these are just some of them. From cancelling unwanted subscriptions and costly memberships to spending less on lunch by quitting the meal deal fad and making your own packed lunch, saving up money to travel really isn’t as difficult as you may think.

 

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Finance Factors That Influence Stock Prices

 

Various factors can result in the prices of shares rising or falling. These range from changes in how investors feel regarding the share market to news about the company’s revenue. The compilation of factors such as the media, natural disasters, opinions from investment consultants, political unrest, supply and demand as well as risk and lack of suitable alternatives contribute to the prices of shares.

Companies

Company factors that may affect share prices include news releases regarding profits, earnings and estimated earnings in the future. Dividend announcements, new contracts, new products or product recalls, employee layoffs, management changes, mergers, takeovers and accounting errors are among the aspects of company performance and news that influence the stock price.

Industries

The share price of companies within similar industries usually corresponds with each other. Market conditions affect companies in similar industries in similar ways. However, there are times when the share price of a particular company benefits from negative news about competitors when companies compete for one market.

Investor Confidence

  • Investor confidence can lead to the market going up or down and this can cause the rise or fall of stock prices. The stock market’s general direction can influence stock value.
  • The bull market is characterized by a strong market that consists of rising stock prices and corresponding investor confidence. This is often linked to economic prosperity or recovery and investor optimism.
  • The bear market is weak with falling stock prices and diminishing investor confidence. This usually occurs when there are high rates of unemployment and there is a downturn in the economy. Find out more about CBA

Economic Factors

  • If the economy appears to be expanding, there may be a rise in share prices. Investors are likely to buy more shares when they think that there will be future profits and stock prices will be higher. An uncertain economic outlook may cause investors to reduce buying or begin selling.
  • Inflation refers to an increase in consumer prices. This usually slows down sales and lowers profits. Higher prices often cause the interest rates to rise and such changes can reduce stock prices.
  • When prices fall, companies experience lower profits and economic activity decreases. If stock prices go down, investors may begin selling shares ad moving to other investments.
  • Lower interest rates lead to people borrowing more with the objective of increasing spending and stimulating economic activity.

Politics and Economic Policies

  • Changes that take place in the world can have an impact on the economy and share prices. Higher energy costs can result in lower sales, profits and share prices.
  • Terrorism can cause the economy to slow down and reduce stock prices.
  • New governments may create new policies. These changes may be aimed at having a positive effect on business but sometimes they do not. Changes in interest rates and inflation can affect share prices.

Currency Value

Companies sell their products to other countries and if the dollar rises, customers will be compelled to spend more for the goods. This may lower sales and subsequently lead to a fall in stock prices. If the value of the dollar falls, this makes it more affordable for others to purchase products and can increase the share prices.

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